What comes to your mind when you think about the teacher's work? Time off during holidays, short working days, stable employment in the public sphere? In that case, you only see one side of the coin. Let us show you the full picture.

Teachers are a very large and broad professional group. It includes both pre-school and then early-school teachers, teachers of particular levels of education as well as academic teachers.

Education and predispositions

To become a teacher, you must get a university degree. Of course, the choice of the field of study depends on what you want to teach. In addition to major studies, such as geography, German philology or mathematics, you should complete a pedagogical course or pedagogical studies. Many majors have already built such courses into the program, which gives graduates the right to work as a teacher. Often, teaching specialties appear in philological studies.

Pedagogical preparation is not necessary when working as an academic teacher.

In addition to extensive knowledge, there are many requirements, qualities and competencies needed for this profession.

  • No criminal record.

  • High moral and moral standards. The teacher must be very careful about what he says and does, not only at work, but also in the free time and in the private sphere. Currently, this principle is particularly important in the context of social media. There are cases where inappropriate photos posted on a private profile on the social network were the cause of the dismissal.

  • Patience. This probably does not need to be specifically explained. This is a feature that is required in every profession. The teacher has to be patient, avoid emotions and irritation towards even the most difficult didactic challenge.

  • Passion and a calling for teaching others. Imagine that you teach mathematics in middle school. Every year you repeat more or less the same material cycle for each class. The core curriculum does not change drastically. Only the students change. And imagine that you're really just doing your job, you're not that passionate about mathematics, you do not feel the satisfaction of even the smallest progress of your students and you do not feel like trying new, more effective teaching methods. You will harm yourself and your students. Teachers should be involved in what they do.

  • Feeling of responsibility. It connects to the previous point. Teachers should remember that their work really affects their students' lives. It is an obligation and some burden, but also a source of motivation. Although teachers are not satisfied with the amount of their earnings, this is a profession characterized by one of the greatest levels of satisfaction. It results from the opportunity to work with children and young people, real impact on their lives and visible effects of work.

Teacher's actual job

According to the provisions in the Teacher's Charter, the teacher is obliged to perform tasks resulting from the basic functions of the school: didactic, educational and caring. Teaching is therefore only part of the daily duties.

The teacher's 19-hour week is a myth. The mentioned 19 hours are didactic hours, i.e. those spent in the classroom for conducting lessons. According to the Teachers' Charter, the work week of a full-time teacher can not exceed 40 hours, in other words, as in the case of people employed elsewhere on a contract of employment.

What do teachers do during the remaining 21 hours? They prepare for classes, develops teaching aids and tests, devotes time to educational issues, organizes trips, competitions, projects, international exchanges, and participates in pedagogical councils and meetings. It also takes a lot of time to get more and more extensive bureaucratic work, i.e. work with documents required by the school's headmaster and the Ministry of National Education. For the most diligent teachers, all these duties are difficult to fit in a 40-hour work week.

Where do teachers work

As a teacher, you can work, of course, in a public school or a non-public school with the rights of a public school. As a pre-school teacher you also have the choice of these types of outlets and various types of toddler classes.

Depending on the subject you teach, you can also work outside the education system. As a foreign language teacher, you can work in language schools, companies organising workshops and language camps.

Teachers’ salaries

The teacher's salary is related to the professional advancement he obtained and the number of hours worked. It is important that overtime is calculated only from didactic hours, not those devoted to performing other duties.

The average annual salary of a teacher is approximately $38,000 though it may greatly vary on many different factors.